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What are Periodontitis (Gum Disease) Diseases?

Periodontal Diseases

We need to take the necessary care to protect our oral and dental health. Otherwise, we can struggle with tooth and gum diseases. Periodontal diseases occur as a result of inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. The first stage of periodontal disease is called gingivitis. At this stage, the gums may swell, become red, bleed and become sensitive. Periodontal diseases usually occur in adults.


What Are Periodontal Symptoms?

There are many complaints that are precursors of periodontal disease, the most common are as follows:

  • Uncontrollable bad breath and bad taste
  • Red, tender and swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Feeling pain when chewing
  • Gum recession
  • Tooth loss
  • Chattering teeth

What Are The Causes Of Periodontal Diseases?

Harmful bacteria in the mouth infect the layer surrounding the tooth, causing inflammation around the tooth and periodontal disease. When bacteria settle on teeth for a long time, they form a layer called plaque. Then they turn into tartar (dental calculus). Tartar buildup can spread below the gum line over time, making it difficult to clean the teeth. In this case, only a dentist can remove tartar and treat the periodontal disease process.

The risk factors that cause gum diseases as periodontitis can be listed as follows:

gum disease
  • Inadequate oral care and hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Genetic factors
  • Crooked tooth problem
  • Regular use of drugs that cause dry mouth
  • Improper fit bridges and fillings
  • Immunodeficiencies
  • Hormonal change processes such as pregnancy

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Is There A Cure For These Diseases?

Gingivitis, which is the early stage of periodontal diseases, can be controlled and treated with good oral hygiene and regular professional cleaning. Severe periodontal diseases can also be treated successfully, but these conditions may require more extensive treatment. This type of treatment may include deep cleaning of the surfaces of the roots of the teeth located under the gums, medications prescribed for oral ingestion or placed directly under the gum, and sometimes surgical procedures.  

What Is Periodontal Operation?

Periodontal operation is a type of dental surgery performed to correct a damaged smile due to gingival disorders, both aesthetically and functionally. The operation can be applied to straighten the gums, teeth or bone. Periodontal surgery options include:
  • Crown lengthening operation to remove excess gum or bone tissue on a tooth.
  • Soft tissue graft operation to protect the root of the tooth from damage.
  • Bone and tissue graft operation for implant procedure.
  • Gum grafting operation to treat a tooth with severe gingival recession by placing healthy tissue around it.
  • An operation to temporarily separate the teeth from the gums to clean the infected tooth root.

What Are The Benefits Of Treatment?

Tooth and gum diseases (periodontitis) can damage the gums, jawbone and gingival ligaments, which are the most important supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontitis is one of the most common causes of adult tooth loss worldwide. It is of great importance to receive treatment for the elimination of gum diseases. In the early stages, useful results can be obtained with treatments based on improving oral and dental care. If your disease is in advanced stages, your dentist will inform you in detail about your treatment plan.

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